The first thing that touches the ground is the foot; If it isn't working properly, is poorly positioned, or is in pain, the rest of the body will need to compensate for it.
Podiatry is the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of issues relating to the feet and lower limbs.
A podiatrist performs a thorough assessment of the your feet and lower limb issues with the aim of making a diagnosis and formulating the best treatment plan to get you moving comfortably again. A diagnosis is made by performing a physical exam, by using laboratory tests, with x-rays, and in coordination with doctors and specialists. Podiatrists also prescribe medications and provide care instructions and advice when necessary. Podiatrists can also prescribe medical devices like orthotics and arch supports to improve mobility and treat lower leg injuries and pain.
General foot care
Having issues with the thickness of your nails?, Do you usually develop heavy callous on your feet?, Unable to reach your feet due to back injuries, arthritis or pregnancy? Podiatrists are highly skilled in removing thick callous or corns and trimming your toenails leaving your feet looking healthy and feeling more comfortable.
As the name indicates, a custom made device is custom made to the patients foot. This type of device directly addresses any foot morphology that could be causing pain. As everyone’s foot structure is different, so is the function. Carefully assessing the individual’s “mechanics” of the foot and where it has failed allows the podiatrist to construct a device which reduces pain. Lets face it, it is impossible to “rest” the foot over a long period of time. Orthotics are therefore a way of “offloading” the stressed tissue whilst continuing one’s daily routine.
Poor biomechanics and incorrect gait patterns are often the cause of overuse injuries. Podiatrist are not only able to diagnose the injury but also identify what the cause of the injury is through biomechancial assessments and gait analysis. The idea is not only to address the injury at hand but also identify why the injury occurred in the first place, further preventing the issue from reoccurring.
A number of areas are investigated during a diabetic assessment. These include vascular (circulation) , neurological (sensation), dermatological (skin and nails) and biomechanical (foot function). Podiatrists take care of the general well-being of the feet and help to prevent infections or ulcerations.